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Pet owners and their pets hygiene

We need to keep our pets healthy so that they don’t bring disease into the house that would threaten either the pets or the pet owners. Having a pet in the house exposes us to a greater variety of germs than people who don’t have pets. It has been shown that people with pets have healthier immune systems than people who don’t have pets, which is a good thing. But there are limits!

People are susceptible to many diseases either carried by dogs or passed on by them from other animals. People may contract diseases from parasites carried by dogs, or be susceptible to pathogens from parasites. They may also contract diseases that are communicated from one species to another, known as zoonosis. Zoonotic diseases (also known as zoonoses) are caused by germs that spread between animals and people.

Sanitize your home and clean pets cages regularly. Wash pets beds and do pet grooming on regular basis to avoid the spread of bacteria resulting ultimately in diseases of animal and humans.


Zoonotic diseases range from minor short-term illness to a major life-changing illness. Certain ones can even cause death.

The types of zoonosis include those caused by:

  • a virus

  • bacteria

  • fungus

  • parasites

Zoonotic diseases spread by mosquitos and ticks are some of the most serious of these diseases.

Example of Zoonotic diseases

  • animal flu

  • anthrax

  • bird flu

  • bovine tuberculosis

  • brucellosis

  • Campylobacter infection

  • cat scratch fever

  • cryptosporidiosis

  • cysticercosis

  • dengue fever

  • Ebola

  • encephalitis from ticks

  • enzootic abortion

  • erysipeloid

  • fish tank granuloma

  • giardiasis

  • glanders

  • hemorrhagic colitis

  • hepatitis E

  • hydatid disease

  • Leptospirosis

  • listeria infection

  • louping ill

  • Lyme disease

  • lymphocytic choriomeningitis

  • malaria

  • orf infection

  • parrot fever

  • pasteurellosis

  • plague

  • Q fever

  • rabies

  • rat-bite fever

  • ringworm

  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever

  • Salmonella and E. coli infections

  • streptococcal sepsis

  • swine flu

  • toxocariasis

  • toxoplasmosis

  • trichinellosis

  • tularemia

  • West Nile virus

  • zoonotic diphtheria

Zoonoses can be transmitted in various ways:

  • through the air

  • by eating contaminated meat or produce

  • through close contact with an infected animal

  • by touching an area or surface that an infected animal touched

  • through insect bites like mosquitos or ticks

Many transmissions occur when people hike, bike, boat, or enjoy other activities in the great outdoors. Petting zoos are also common places for a zoonotic disease to be transmitted. Those who live and work on farms are in close contact with many types of livestock. Livestock is a common carrier of many zoonoses. Your family pet can carry ticks and fleas indoors that can then move onto you and your family.

https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/basics/zoonotic-diseases.html







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